Updated August 19, 2022 | By: Melissa Dean
Ovulation, or the release of the egg from the ovary, is a naturally occurring phenomenon in women. Consistent ovulation is your body’s way of telling you that everything is good.
Anovulatory cycles, or cycles where you don’t ovulate, are often the result of excessive stress and/or illness, such as PCOS. In light of this, it's important for you to track your cycles so you can confirm ovulation and stay in tune with your health.
How do you know when you ovulate?
In general, most women would ovulate at around the middle of each cycle. However, the actual date would vary with different person and body condition.
Contrary to what you might believe, you don’t always ovulate on day 14 of your in-average 28 days long cycle, as this occurs in roughly 20% of cases. Everyone is different, and you may ovulate on different days each cycle. Given the fact that ovulation is affected by things like stress, having one anovulatory cycle is likely not a cause for concern. However, a consistent absence of ovulation might be an indication that there are other factors at play, such as illness, that are affecting your health.
What are common ovulation symptoms?
Fortunately, there are a variety of ovulation symptoms you can track to successfully predict or to track ovulation:
- Egg-white cervical mucus
- Higher and more open cervix
- Tested peak ovulation tests
- Basal body temperature spikes
- Other pregnancy hormones
Cervical Mucus and Positioning
The consistency of your cervical mucus (CM) and the position, openness and firmness of your cervix are examples of helpful ovulation symptoms to track. Generally during your cycle, your cervical mucus will change from dry to wet as you approach peak fertility, culminating in a stretchy egg white consistency. Your cervix will change from firm, low, and closed to soft, high, and open. You can track your cervical ovulation symptoms in your Premom app.
OPKS (Ovulation Predictor Kits)
Ovulation prediction kits, or OPKs work by measuring the levels of luteinizing hormone in your urine. In the days leading up to ovulation, your LH levels should gradually increase until the levels peak. Following this peak, ovulation is likely to occur within the next 24-36 hours.
With the Premom app, you can easily track your LH progression with OPKs. After you upload pictures of your ovulation tests (aka LH strips), Premom will quantify your results and generate a visualized chart of your LH hormone. From our ovulation chart, you can easily pinpoint when you are most likely to ovulate.
Meanwhile, A consistent absence of an LH surge likely means that you are not ovulating regularly. If you find yourself in such a condition, it is recommended that you should talk to your medical service provider for a further testing to identify reasons.
It would be great that all women -- particularly those new to tracking ovulation -- begin testing early and consistently in their cycle to ensure they find peak. Users who test through at least ⅓ of their cycle have a 75% or higher chance of finding their LH peak in their cycle.
Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Tracking
An LH peak does not guarantee ovulation. That is why we strongly encourage you to confirm ovulation with a basal body temperature thermometer.
When tracking and charting your basal temperature, you will likely notice a slight increase in your basal body temperature, around 0.5-1ºF, one to two days after ovulation. This rise in temperature, a BBT spike, is the result of your corpus luteum releasing an increased amount of progesterone after ovulation.
In order for BBT tracking to be effective, you have to consistently take your temperature every morning before you get out of bed after at least 4 hours of sleep. Besides, it is important to use the right kind of thermometer to take your basal body temperature accurately and easily.
Other hormones and ways to find ovulation time
Besides methods mentioned above, there are also many different ways you could find your ovulation time from your hormone. For example, Progesterone, or normally referred as PDG, is your good friend to confirm your ovulation. Meanwhile, a blood test, which could be more accurate than a urine test, of pregnancy hormones would also help you and your medical service provider identify your cycle patterns.
Each stage of your body's cycle is different. So consistent testing with Premom’s ovulation tests and monitoring your basal body temperature are essential for tracking ovulation and evaluating your overall health.